Culture and tourism
A North African land of contrasts, Algeria stretches over a 2,381,741 Km2 area. Its 6000 Kilometer long borders run along Tunisia, Libya, Niger, Mali, Mauritania, Western Sahara and Morocco.
In North, the Mediterranean Sea extends over 1200 km of coastline while in the South the extensive desert spreads over nearly two million square kilometers.
Crossroads of the Mediterranean, Muslim and African worlds, Algeria inherited a number of numidian and Romans sites, (in the east of Mauritania, in Aurès and in the north of Numidia), as well as Christian and Islamic sites and buildings.
Ancient cities such as Timgad, Tipaza, Djemila, Hippone and many others appear among the most beautiful archaeological vestiges, both by the beauty of the ruins and their historical and scientific value.
UNESCO classified sites
- Timgad is a military colony created by the III August legion in the year 100 by Emperor Trajan on the northern slopes of the Aurès Mountain range (province of Batna);
- Tipaza was a Punic counter and a strategic base for the Roman conquest of the Mauretanian kingdoms. It was listed among the 33 sites of the world’s endangered heritage by the 26th Session of the Committee of the World Heritage in Budapest on June 26, 2002;
- Djemila, the antique Circul, is located at about 30 km from Sétif;
- Tassili N’Ajjer (provinces of Illizi and Tamnarasset) is the vastest museum of prehistoric rock art in the world. More than 15,000 drawings and engravings tell the stories of the climates, fauna and the human life in the Sahara from 6,000 BCE to the early centuries of our era;
- Kalâat Béni-Hammade in Bechara (province of M’sila), is a Muslim stronghold, founded in 1007 and was the first capital of the Hammadite emirs;
- The M’Zab Valley (province of Ghradaïa) whose k’sours (fortified villages) preserved the habitat created in the tenth century by the Ibadites;
- The Casbah, the legendary Islamic medina in the capital Algiers.